were about rival powers fighting amongst themselves to the spoils of the rest of the world; maintaining their empires and influence over the terms of world trade, commerce and, ultimately, power. As summarized here by Elizabeth Martinez and Arnoldo Garcia: Liberalism can refer to political, economic, or even religious ideas. At the international level then we see that this additionally translates to: Freedom of trade in goods and services Freer circulation of capital Freer ability to invest The underlying assumption then is that the free markets are a good thing. Richard Robbins, Professor of Anthropology and author of Global Problems and the Culture of Capitalism is also worth"ng at length: The Great Global Depression of 1873 that lasted essentially until 1895 was the first great manifestation of the capitalist business crisis. They may well be, but unfortunately, reality seems different from theory. Yet, a reading of Adam Smiths Wealth of Nations would reveal that today is a far cry from the free market capitalism he suggested, and instead could still be considered monopoly capitalism, or the age-old mercantilism that he had exposed!
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Hence, even with what seemed like the end of imperialism and colonialism at the end of World War II, and the promotion of Adam Smith free trade and free markets, mercantilist policies still continued. They show Left and Right as an economic scale, with Authoritarian and Libertarian making up the political scale, crossing the economic scale resulting in quadrants: Political Compass, in addition, they note that, despite popular perceptions, the opposite of fascism is not communism but anarchism (ie. Woodrow Wilson, President of the United States, 1919,"d by Noam Chomsky, On Power and Ideology, (South End Press, 1990.14. The battles over the worlds wealth have only kept hiding behind different belief systems each time the secrets of laying claim to the wealth of others have been exposed. Instead they had to be forced with the active support of thinkers and economists of the time, including the famous originators of classical political economy, such as Adam Smith, David Ricardo, James Steuart and others. But many, especially people working in the financial markets, pushed a type of market fundamentalism. This is very different from what they are doing today. Central bankers belief that controlling inflation was necessary and almost sufficient for growth and prosperity had never been based on sound economic theory. The free market created a new type of economy in which prices of all goods, including labour, changed without regard to their effects on society.