when the basic needs are met, then a person will be motivated to pursue the next level. Douglas, mcGregor devised his concept. McGregor maintained that there are two fundamental approaches to managing people. Theory X and Theory Y Essay. After reading you will understand the background and the practical basics of these malcolm gladwell the science of shopping essay leadership styles. Musicians must make music, artists must paint, poets must write if they are to be ultimately at peace with themselves.
Douglas mcgregor theory x and theory y essay
Conceptualization AND development After the Hawthorne experiments and the subsequent behavioral research of the 1930s and 1940s. Theory X will sooner be implemented in industrial organizations where activities revolve around a high degree of productivity. They describe two contrasting models of workforce motivation. Theory X represents a negative view of human nature that assumes individuals generally dislike work, are irresponsible, and require close supervision to do their jobs. The human side of enterprise. Self-actualisation needs Self-actualization is the fulfilment of the persons dreams and aspirations. Theory X managers and Theory Y managers often see their perceptions of people confirmed. Their employees are accustomed to coercion and control and will therefore not make any effort at all or bear responsibility.
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These two opposing perceptions theorized how people view human behavior at work and organizational life: Theory X With Theory X assumptions, management's role is to coerce and control employees. Management based on Theory X is paternalistic at best and, at very least, authoritarian. British Gas has. As a result of this, management believes that workers need to be closely supervised and. McGregors theory viewed the employee as a person and not as a machine show more content, theory X was labeled by McGregor as being a hard style of management, where hard meant that management would have close supervision on its workers, as well as having. One would expect, then, that managers holding assumptions about human nature that are consistent with Theory X might exhibit a managerial style that is quite different than managers who hold assumptions consistent with Theory. They are selfish, lazy and hate work. McGregor stated that peoples work effort was. They are committed to identify potential, proving development and career opportunities, empowering them to make a difference in their business. In addition to their preference for a certain leadership style and the work that has to be done, a manager will either opt for Theory X or Theory. Principle of theory Y, the central principle of Theory Y is that of integration: individuals can achieve their own goals by also focusing their efforts on the objectives of the organization they work for.
He referred to these two perceptions. X and, theory,. Douglas, mcGregor then arrived at the conclusion that the style of leadership depends. Douglas, mcGregor 's, theory. X and, theory, y on Employee Motivation.
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